Romeo and Juliet


Romeo and Juliet at Lyric Opera of Chicago

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Romeo and Juliet


Romeo and Juliet at Lyric Opera of Chicago

by Charles Gounod

In French with projected English titles

He's a Montague and she's a Capulet — families who have hated each other for centuries. Yet when Romeo meets Juliet, they fall instantly and rapturously in love. Secretly, they marry — but Shakespeare's famed young couple is ultimately doomed. Everything that could have been is lost as they die tragically in each other's arms.

The world's most celebrated love story finds new dimension in Gounod's deeply romantic music. This is passion personified, from tender intimacy to ecstatic grandeur, including five iconic love duets and soaring music for the chorus and orchestra. With her "exquisite" voice of "purity and bloom" (The New York TimesSusanna Phillips will be a Juliet to remember, while Joseph Calleja and Eric Cutler embody all the elegance and golden ardor that Romeo demands.

#LyricRomeo

Performance running time: 3 hours 5 minutes including 1 intermission

Lyric Opera presentation generously made possible by the NIB Foundation, Julie and Roger Baskes, Mr. and Mrs. W. James Farrell, and PowerShares QQQ.
Production owned by The Metropolitan Opera.


Photo: Todd Rosenberg

Romeo and Juliet Opera Resources



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Audio:

Romeo and Juliet Commentary
by Charles Gounod

commentary by Roger Pines, Dramaturg



Download (right click and "Save Target As" / "Save Link As")

Lyric Opera Commentaries are sponsored by the Patrick G. and Shirley Welsh Ryan Foundation in honor of their parents.
A project of the Women’s Board of Lyric Opera of Chicago.



Gounod ROMEO AND JULIET
Warner Classics – Gheorghiu, Alagna, cond. Plasson

Act I, “Je veux vivre”


 Act II, “Ah, lève-toi, soleil”


Warner Classics is the Official Education and Promotion Music Provider of Lyric Opera.

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Romeo and Juliet Opera Synopsis



TIME:
Renaissance

PLACE: Verona, Italy



PROLOGUE

The people of Verona describe the conflict between the Capulet and Montague families (Chorus: Vérone vit jadis deux familles rivales), and the star-crossed lovers whose deaths ended the feud.



ACT ONE

Lords and ladies arrive at Lord Capulet’s home for a masked ball (Chorus: L’heure s’envole). Tybalt, the host’s nephew, teases Count Paris about Juliet, the latter’s betrothed. Capulet introduces his daughter to his guests. Juliet responds to their admiration and expresses her excitement about the ball. Capulet invites everyone to enjoy themselves. When Romeo and Mercutio appear with their friends, Romeo admits his reluctance to attend the ball, having been preoccupied by a troubling dream. Mercutio blithely remarks that his friend has been visited by Queen Mab, who presides over all dreams (Ballad: Mab, la reine des mensonges).

Already in love with Rosaline, Romeo is assured by Mercutio that at the ball his attention will be drawn to a hundred other girls who will make him forget all about her. Suddenly he sees Juliet from afar, and is transfixed by her beauty. Mercutio drags him away as Juliet appears, talking with her nurse, Gertrude. The nurse reminds her charge that she was herself already married at Juliet’s age, but Juliet is hardly thinking about marriage – she prefers to prolong her youthful dream (Ariette: Je veux vivre). Gregorio, a Capulet retainer, calls the nurse away, leaving Romeo free to woo Juliet (Madrigal: Ange adorable). He is horrified when she identifies herself as Lord Capulet’s daughter. A suspicious Tybalt returns to summon his cousin Juliet, and Romeo realizes she is Lord Capulet’s daughter. Recognizing his voice as that of Romeo, a member of the enemy Montague family, Tybalt swears revenge. Eager to keep his guests’ spirits lighthearted, Capulet invites them once again to drink and dance.



ACT TWO

Although it is nearly dawn, Romeo lingers outside Lord Capulet’s home. He compares Juliet with the rising sun (Cavatina: Ah! lèvetoi, soleil!). When she appears on her balcony, he surprises her and ardently declares his love. Romeo hides when Gregorio and some Capulet servants appear, searching for Romeo’s page, Stephano, whom they believe has been seen in the area. They tease Gertrude before leaving. The nurse takes Juliet inside, but she soon reappears to bid goodnight to Romeo. She informs him that, if he does indeed wish to marry her, he should send word the next day as to where and when they should meet. Romeo begs her not to leave him yet (Duet: Ah! ne fuis pas encore!). After a final goodnight, Juliet goes inside and Romeo asks the breeze to send her his kiss.



ACT THREE

Scene 1. Early the next morning, Friar Laurence is astonished to be greeted by Romeo. Well aware of the Capulet/Montague enmity, the friar expresses grave apprehension when Romeo confesses that he loves a Capulet. Accompanied by her nurse, Juliet appears and confirms that Romeo must be her bridegroom. The friar agrees to perform the marriage ceremony, and the three are joined by Gertrude in proclaiming their joy (Quartet: O pur bonheur).

Intermission

Scene 2. Having failed to find his master during the past day, Stephano amuses himself by singing a mocking serenade outside Lord Capulet’s home (Chanson: Que fais-tu, blanche tourterelle). The song draws Gregorio and members of the Capulet household into the street. They tease the young Stephano, who then provokes Gregorio into a sword fight. Mercutio steps in to defend Stephano, just as Tybalt arrives on the scene, and the two launch into raucous swordplay. When Romeo appears, Tybalt – remembering his enemy’s wooing of his cousin Juliet – challenges him, but Romeo refuses to fight. He begs Mercutio to restrain himself, but the fury of both Tybalt and Mercutio boils over. Urged on by their respective allies, they battle each other relentlessly until Tybalt deals Mercutio a fatal wound. Mercutio curses the houses of both Capulet and Montague before he dies. Now desperate for revenge, Romeo takes sword in hand and kills Tybalt. The Duke of Verona arrives and castigates both families for the violence. Rather than the expected sentence of death, the Duke orders Romeo into exile. Overcome by misery (Finale: Ah! jour de deuil), Romeo vows to see Juliet once more.



ACT FOUR

At dawn Romeo rushes to Juliet, who comforts and supports him following the death of Tybalt. They quickly become overwhelmed by their love (Duet: Nuit d’hyménée), only to be interrupted by daylight and a lark’s singing. After a prolonged and passionate farewell, Romeo tears himself from Juliet’s arms and rushes away.

Accompanied by Friar Laurence, Lord Capulet enters Juliet’s room, urging his daughter to ready herself for her wedding to Count Paris. Remaining behind to counsel Juliet, Friar Laurence is confronted by the despairing Juliet. He conspires with her and offers her a potion that will induce a deathlike sleep, from which she will eventually be awakened by Romeo. When finally alone, Juliet calls on love to give her courage (Aria: Amour, ranime mon courage) and drinks the potion. When her father and Paris appear for the marriage ceremony, she collapses and appears to be dead.



ACT FIVE

Romeo enters Juliet’s crypt and sadly greets the sight of her seemingly dead body. After kissing her, he draws a bottle from his tunic and drinks the poison it contains. Moments later Juliet awakens, and she greets Romeo joyfully. The two look forward to leaving Verona forever (Duet Finale: Viens! fuyons au bout du monde!). Suddenly the poison takes effect, which forces Romeo to confess what he has done. Distraught that he has left no poison for her, Juliet takes his dagger and, with Romeo’s help, stabs herself. With their last breath, the lovers ask God’s forgiveness.

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