Lyric Opera of Chicago
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  • by Giuseppe Verdi
  • In Italian with projected English texts.
  • Total running time: 2h 30m

This is a world where murder’s a sport and debauchery’s a way of life.

At its rotten core reigns the Duke of Mantua, a serial seducer who’s out to conquer anyone in skirts—from servant girls to the wives and daughters of his noblemen friends. Aiding his boss in the game and cheering him on when he scores is Rigoletto, the despised court jester. Only one person brings him joy—his innocent daughter Gilda, whom he keeps behind locked doors and guards with his life.

But no one’s safe in this godless place—and massive emotional devastation is just around the corner. The Duke is hunting again—and this time he’s got Gilda in his sights!

The Duke’s ode to women’s fickleness, “La donna è mobile,” is just one of Rigoletto’s world-famous tunes.

Lyric Opera production originally made possible by the NIB Foundation and Jim and Vicki Mills/Jon and Lois Mills. Revival generously made possible by Jim and Kay Mabie, Sylvia Neil and Daniel Fischel, and Helen and Sam Zell.

Starring

  • Andrzej Dobber

    Rigoletto

    Andrzej Dobber

    Feb 25-Mar 10, Lyric debut

    A favorite at La Scala, the grand baritone of Andrzej Dobber will capture all of Rigoletto’s rage and pathos. “He can be both refined and rawly expressive…a fascinating artist.” The Independent, London

  • Željko Lučić

    Rigoletto

    Željko Lučić

    March 14-30, Lyric debut

    Željko Lučić: This Serbian baritone is a major force in the international Verdi pantheon. Whatever the role, he “brings gravity and sonorous force in towering performances.” Bloomberg News

  • Albina Shagimuratova

    Gilda

    Albina Shagimuratova

    Lyric debut

    Albina Shagimuratova: This Russian soprano racks up rave reviews from Hamburg to Houston. “Her Gilda is a triumph…combining vocal splendor with extraordinary dramatic conviction.” Houston Chronicle

  • Giuseppe Filianoti

    Duke

    Giuseppe Filianoti

    Giuseppe Filianoti broke our hearts as the lovelorn Edgardo in Lyric’s Lucia. Now he’s the heartbreaker as the predatory Duke: With his clarion top notes, “he is nothing short of spectacular.” Financial Times

Lucia di Lammermoor - Susanna Phillips

Rigoletto
Andrzej Dobber*
Feb 25-Mar 10

Lucia di Lammermoor - Giuseppe Filianoti

Rigoletto
Željko Lučić*
March 14-30

Simon - Krassimira Stoyanova

Gilda
Albina Shagimuratova*

Alan Held

Duke
Giuseppe Filianoti

Elektra - Roger Honeywell

Sparafucile
Andrea Silvestrelli

Aida - Raymond Aceto

Maddalena
Nicole Piccolomini*

Aida - Raymond Aceto

Monterone
Todd Thomas*

Aida - Kocan

Conductor
Evan Rogister*

Stephen Barlow

Director
Stephen Barlow*

Aida - Joel

Set Designer
Robert Innes Hopkins

Aida - Joel

Costume Designer
Jane Greenwood

Aida - Joel

Lighting Designer
Duane Schuler

Ian Robertson

Guest Chorus Master
Ian Robertson

*Lyric Debut
† current member, Ryan Opera Center
† † alumnus/ alumna, Ryan Opera Center

Rigoletto—The Story of the Opera

ACT ONE 

Scene 1. In his palace, the Duke of Mantua tells a courtier, Borsa, about his newest love. The girl has enchanted the Duke, but ultimately it makes no difference to him whether he pursues one woman or the other – they’re all the same (Ballata: Questa o quella). The Duke flirts with Countess Ceprano, as Rigoletto cruelly mocks her husband. Another courtier, Marullo, excitedly tells his friends of his surprising discovery: Rigoletto has a mistress.
Rigoletto suggests several unscrupulous methods of disposing of superfluous husbands. Realizing that he is the object of Rigoletto’s sarcasm, Count Ceprano arranges for a midnight meeting with some the courtiers to obtain vengeance.
Another nobleman, Monterone, storms in to denounce the Duke for dishonoring his daughter. He curses the Duke, and when mocked viciously by Rigoletto, Monterone turns on Rigoletto and curses him as well.
Scene 2. Brooding over Monterone’s curse, Rigoletto returns to the secluded house where he shields his daughter, Gilda, away from the licentiousness of the Duke’s court. He is confronted by Sparafucile, a professional assassin (Duet: Va! Non ho niente), who offers his services should Rigoletto ever wish to rid himself of an enemy. Rigoletto sends the man away. He muses on the similarity of their professions (Monologue: Pari siamo) – Rigoletto constantly wounding others with his wit, while Sparafucile uses a knife.
Gilda greets her father (Duet: Figlia! Mio padre!). She asks him about her mother, but he replies only that his wife was an angel who loved him. He refuses to divulge his real name and repeats his command that Gilda not leave their home, except to attend church. When her father asks if she has talked to any strangers, she evades his question. While Rigoletto is warning Giovanna, his housekeeper, to admit no one, the Duke steals in and hides. He is astonished to hear Rigoletto call Gilda his daughter. Father and daughter bid each other farewell, and Rigoletto departs.
Gilda confesses to Giovanna that she is in love with a young man who has been following her home every day after church. The Duke now appears and declares his love for Gilda (Duet: È il sol dell’anima). He identifies himself as Gualtier Maldè, a penniless student. Hearing footsteps, he rushes off, leaving Gilda thinking lovingly of his name (Aria: Caro nome).
The courtiers appear, masked, ready to abduct Rigoletto’s supposed mistress. Rigoletto surprises them by returning, but Marullo convinces him that they are planning to abduct the wife of Count Ceprano, who lives nearby. Rigoletto falls into their trap, permitting himself to be blindfolded and masked. Unknowingly, he assists the conspirators (Chorus: Zitti, zitti). Gilda cries out desperately to her father as she is carried off. Becoming suspicious, Rigoletto tears off the blindfold, realizes Gilda is gone, and cries, “Ah, the curse!” 

ACT TWO

The Duke laments the loss of Gilda (Recitative and Aria: Ella mi fu rapita!… Parmi veder le lagrime). After the courtiers tell him of the abduction (Chorus: Scorrendo uniti remota via), he rejoices that the girl is now in the palace (Cabaletta: Possente amor).
When Rigoletto appears, he feigns nonchalance. Once it becomes clear to him that Gilda must be with the Duke, he tries to reach her, but the courtiers hold him back. His denunciation of their treachery dissolves into a bereft father’s pleading (Aria: Cortigiani, vil razza dannata). Left alone with Rigoletto, Gilda confesses that she is in love with the Duke (Duet: Tutte le feste al tempio…Piangi, fanciulla) and begs her father to forgive him. As Monterone appears on his way to prison, Rigoletto swears that they both will be avenged. 

ACT THREE 

Rigoletto has brought Gilda to Sparafucile’s inn to prove her lover’s faithlessness. As they lurk in the darkness, the Duke swaggers in. After proclaiming the fickleness of women (Canzone: La donna è mobile), he showers attentions on Maddalena, the assassin’s attractive sister. As the flirtation progresses, Rigoletto tries to comfort his despairing daughter (Quartet: Un dì, se ben rammentomi…Bella figlia dell’amore). He orders her to return home, disguise herself as a boy, and meet him in Verona. He strikes a bargain with Sparafucile for the Duke’s murder and then departs.
Gilda overhears Maddalena begging her brother to spare the handsome stranger’s life. Sparafucile agrees to deceive Rigoletto by substituting the corpse of the next person who appears at the inn. Having returned to the inn determined to sacrifice herself so the Duke may live, Gilda becomes Sparafucile’s next victim.
At the stroke of midnight, Rigoletto pays the assassin. Sparafucile offers to dispose of the body, but Rigoletto reserves for himself the satisfaction of throwing the sack containing his enemy’s corpse into the river. Suddenly he hears the Duke’s voice. Rigoletto frantically cuts open the sack and finds his dying daughter (Duet: V’ho ingannato…Lassù in cielo). Begging her father’s forgiveness, she dies. The despairing Rigoletto cries out once more, “Ah, the curse!”

Role of a Lifetime
Rigoletto
By Magda Krance 

Andrzej Dobber and Željko Lučić have triumphed at many of the world's top opera houses is a veritable catalog of Verdi's greatest male roles. 

In the world of Verdi baritones, fewsingers are more highly prized than the twowho will debut in the title role of Rigoletto at Lyric late this winter. Now Lyric audiences will have the chance to experience their interpretations of what each considers the jester-capped glory of the Verdi repertoire. 

Of course, the treacherous, tragic triangle at Rigoletto’s core also requires a heartrending soprano and a dashing, heartthrob tenor of the highest order, and Lyric has both: Albina Shagimuratova (debut) and Giuseppe Filianoti (Edgardo/Lucia di Lammermoor and Nemorino/The Elixir of Love at Lyric in recent seasons). 

“Rigoletto” isn’t the literal Italian translation of Schadenfreude (pleasure derived from the misfortune of others), but it could be. The name sounds like merry laughter, but Verdi’s title-role character, the Duke of Mantua’s detested jester, cruelly mocks the misery of noblemen whose wives and daughters are seduced or ravished by his boss. Monterone, one nobleman, wants revenge for his daughter’s dishonor; as he’s dragged to prison he furiously curses Rigoletto and the duke. The other noblemen trick Rigoletto and kidnap his daughter Gilda, assuming she’s his mistress, as a prize for the duke. Earlier, the girl had fallen head over heels for a penniless student who in fact was the duke in disguise. Sheclings to his declarations of ardor until her father forces her to watch her loverseducing another girl – Maddalena, the sister of the assassin Sparafucile, hired by Rigoletto to kill the duke. Maddalena persuades her brother to spare the duke and instead kill the next stranger who comes through the door. Devastated but still in love, Gilda disguises herself as a boy and enters the inn knowing her fate. Rigoletto is ready for the last laugh when Sparafucile delivers a bagged body, but the Schadenfreude table turns terribly on the jester when he discovers the dying Gilda inside. The curtain falls on a father crushed by the loss of his beloved child. 

Adapting a play by Victor Hugo, Le roi s’amuse, with librettist Francesco Maria Piave, Verdi imbued this woeful tale with extraordinary music that vividly conveys the duke’s strutting sexuality, Gilda’s starry-eyed longing for love and freedom, and, most of all, Rigoletto’s bitterness, tenderness, and utter despair. Among the finest of the composer’s 28 operas, Rigoletto makes a perfect early birthday “gift” with which Verdi lovers here can mark his bicentennial. 

Lyric’s sumptuous traditional production was first seen in 2005-06, with set designs by Robert Innes Hopkins, costumes by Jane Greenwood, and lighting by Duane Schuler. Evan Rogister (debut) will conduct and stage director Stephen Barlow (debut) will create a new staging for these performances. 

Andrzej Dobber (AHN-zhay DOHburr) has portrayed Rigoletto at La Scala and on tour to Japan (under Riccardo Muti), at the Opéra National de ParisBastille, in Santiago, Hamburg, Leipzig, Dresden, Graz; and in Warsaw, Wrocław, PoznaĔ, and Kraków in his native Poland. Dobber considers this his hardest role “because this part, similar to Germont in La traviata, demands vocal qualities from lirico and spinto up to dramatic baritone. One can bring this psychologically pained and physically deformed character to life onstage not by acting, but rather, by being the character. I am the proud father of four children – that is of the most basic significance for this role!” Dobber adds that “the scene that demands the maximum from me is the great scene in Act Three,” after Gilda has been abducted and Rigoletto realizes she’s been brought to the duke’s bedchamber. In the aria “Cortigiani” he pleads desperately for her release and in “Sì, vendetta” he swears to avenge the wrong the duke has done his daughter, even as she professes love for her fickle seducer. 

Regarding the many Rigoletto productions in which he has starred, Dobber declares, “For me there is no ‘modern’ and no ‘tradition’ – I don’t make judgments regarding these categories. There are only good and bad productions. The story simply needs to be presented in an understandable way to the audience.” Dobber has also triumphed internationally as Verdi’s Macbeth, Simon Boccanegra, Germont, Amonasro/Aida, Renato/Un ballo in maschera, Iago/Otello, Miller/Luisa Miller, Don Carlo/La forza del destino, and Stankar/Stiffelio with major companies including the Metropolitan Opera, Brussels’s Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie, the Vienna Staatsoper, the Deutsche Oper Berlin, Munich’s Bayerische Staatsoper, the Hamburg Staatsoper, Royal Opera House-Covent Garden, Glyndebourne Festival Opera, and the Netherlands Opera, among others. 

“Verdi remains the preferred composer for my voice,” Dobber notes. “Nevertheless, I don’t want to limit myself exclusively to his music. My voice is developing further, and I am following that development in that my current repertoire is expanding to new challenges – for example, recently Jochanaan [Salome] and Amfortas [Parsifal] in Hamburg,” where Dobber and his family live. 

“This will be my first visit to Chicago, and I’m wildly excited about getting to know the city,” which has the largest Polish population outside of Warsaw. Dobber will sing the first five Rigoletto performances, Feb. 25 through Mar. 10.

Since Željko Lučić (ZHEL-koh LOO-chich) sang his first Rigoletto in Bergen four years ago he’s repeated the role “almost everywhere,” including the Metropolitan Opera, Opéra National de Paris, Cologne Opera, Teatro Real deMadrid, and Dresden Semperoper (DVD), with upcoming portrayals in Los Angeles, San Francisco, at La Scala, the Met, and Chicago. “Every performance is something new – the audience is new, the people in the audience want to hear the best they can, and my job is to be fresh as I can every time – even after [a run of] ten performances! I always try to sing like it’s the first time. 

“I am not acting – when I sing Rigoletto I am Rigoletto,” the Serbian baritone maintains. “I am a parent as well, with two sons, 19 and 16. My natural reactions, how I would react if I would see something like that – I am not acting, it’s real life onstage. That’s why it’s so hard to bring Rigoletto to the end – I am so full of emotion, my heart is pounding, I’m full of tears.” For baritones, Lučić considers Rigoletto “the crown of our career.” 

An unabashed traditionalist, Lučić calls the singers of the midcentury “my idols and role models. My teacher, who turned 89 recently, sang with all the greats. We wonder why the singers of the ’50s and ’60s sang so well – the live recordings sound like studio recordings! If you watch DVDs you see people standing and singing – no running, no jumping, no Harley Davidsons or whatever on the stage. Everything you can say, singing Verdi, you can do with your voice – with a little movement of your head or your arms or your face, but mainly with your voice.” Now living in Frankfurt, he adds that in German opera houses, “nothing can surprise me but I’m still very traditional, and I will argue with a director if he wants me to do something strange. The directors are usually willing to discuss; we’re always trying to find a compromise.” 

Lučić is pleased to reunite with two of his Lyric costars: “I did Macbeth with Giuseppe Filianoti [the duke] under Muti in Salzburg last summer, and also we did Rigoletto at the Met. Andrea Silvestrelli [Sparafucile] and I met in Berlin when I was doing Iago.” He looks forward to meeting and working with his Gilda, Albina Shagimuratova, who will also make her company debut. 

His Lyric engagement “will be my very first visit to Chicago,” which he notes has the largest Serbian population outside of his homeland. LuþLü will sing the final five performances of Rigoletto, Mar. 14-30. 

Lučić has 20 Verdi operas in his repertoire. The rest he hasn’t sung “because nobody is doing them! Especially singing Verdi – everything is quite clear. All you have to do is sing and follow the music, and listen. Let the music do the talking and the walking!”

 

 

On the Record

Roger Pines, dramaturg at Lyric Opera, recommends these performances.

On CD

Milnes, Sutherland, Pavarotti, Tourangeau, Talvela; London Symphony Orchestra, cond. Bonynge (Decca – CD)

Fischer-Dieskau, Scotto, Bergonzi, Cossotto, Vinco; La Scala, cond. Kubelik (DG)

Agache, Vaduva, Leech, Larmore, Ramey; Welsh National Opera, cond. Rizzi (Warner Classics)

Sung in English
Rawnsley, Field, Davies, Rigby, Tomlinson; English National Opera, cond. Elder (Chandos)

Of special historical interest
Gobbi, Callas, di Stefano, Lazzarini, Zaccaria; La Scala, cond. Serafin (EMI Classics)

Warren, Berger, Peerce, Merriman, Moscona; RCA Victor Orchestra, cond. Cellini (Myto)

Taddei, Pagliughi, Tagliavini, Colasanti, Neri; RAI Turin, cond. Questa (Preiser)

On DVD

Lučic, Damrau, Flórez, Mayer, Zeppenfeld; Dresden State Opera, cond. Luisi, dir. Lehnhoff (Virgin Classics)

Gavanelli, Schäfer, Alvarez, Araya, Halfvarson; Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, cond. Downes, dir. McVicar (Opus Arte)

Sung in English
Rawnsley, McLaughlin, Davies, Rigby, Tomlinson; English National Opera, cond. Elder, dir. Miller (Kulbur)

Suggestions for Further Reading

Aspects of Verdi by George Martin, Limelight Editions, 1993.
An enjoyable general book that reads like a series of cozy barroom conversations with the author.

The Cambridge Companion to Verdi , edited by Scott A. Balthazar, Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Essays by distinguished Verdi scholars that provide a broad range of understanding for contextualizing the composer’s works.

The Complete Operas of Verdi by Charles Osborne, Knopf, 1969.
A longtime favorite by one of opera’s master scholars.

Divas and Scholars by Philip Gossett, University of Chicago Press, 2006.
An immensely illuminating summary of a life-time of work on nineteenth-century Italian opera from the perspective of scholarship and performance.

The Life of Verdi by John Rosselli, Cambridge University Press, 2000.
An excellent, concise account of Verdi’s life.

The Operas of Verdi by Julian Budden, Clarendon Press of Oxford University Press, 1992.
The standard reference work on Verdi’s operas in three comprehensive volumes.

Verdi by Julian Budden, Schirmer, 1996.
Distills the essence of the author’s incomparable three-volume study into a single, affordable book and includes insights on Verdi’s non-operatic works.

Verdi: A Biography by Mary Jane Phillips-Matz, Oxford University Press, 1996.
The most complete, authoritative biographical resource on Verdi in English.

Verdi: A Life in the Theatre by Charles Osborne, Fromm International, 1989.
A biography based primarily on letters to and from the composer.

The Verdi Companion , edited by Martin Chusid and William Weaver, W. W. Norton & Co., 1988.
An examination of Verdi’s life and works written by scholars but intended for the general public. Includes a rigorously documented chronology.

Verdi: His Music, Life, and Times by George Martin, Second Limelight Editions, 2001. Provides social and political context for biographical events in the composer’s life. Hard for a Verdi lover to put down.

Rigoletto

Rigoletto
by Giuseppe Verdi

© 2012/13 Lyric Opera Commentaries 2012 Lyric Opera of Chicago
Original sound recordings of musical excerpts used by permission of EMI Classics, courtesy of Angel Records, a division of Capitol Records. All rights reserved. Produced by Mark Travis. Daniel Goldberg, Associate Producer.

Rigoletto Audio Preview

Sir Andrew Davis previews Rigoletto

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Rigoletto Discovery Series

One of Verdi's defining operas, Rigoletto is a fountain of memorable melodies, while its suject matter involves moral depravity, licentiousness, and plenty of emotional devastation. Be there when Giuseppe Filianoti (the Duke of Mantua), conductor Evan Rogister, and director Stephen Barlow delve into this Verdi favorite

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